what is Hosting & Domain and How it works – video saver
what is Hosting & Domain and How it works
September 11, 2023

what is Hosting & Domain and How it works


Working

Domain and web hosting are two different services that are equally important to run a website. A domain name is the address that allows users to access a website. Web hosting stores the website’s data.
Web hosting is the storage space where website files are stored. Web hosts store content on internet servers. Domain hosts provide domain names.
You need both a domain name and web hosting to create a website. Without web hosting, your website is nonexistent, and your domain name would point to nowhere.

Domain actually works as your virtual address and Hosting works as your virtual land on internet. Now their function in short is , you have your address name & you have bought a piece of land ( hosting ) as well , now you will build a house for yourself on that land ( called website ) and what ever you want to keep will be stored in your house . Here address refers domain & House refers as your Hosting i hope you got it . Now it varies on your hosting plan , how much is your storage etc.

Domains in Depth

  1. Domain Registration: When you register a domain, you’re essentially leasing the rights to use that specific web address for a period (typically one year, but you can register it for multiple years). This lease ( It is a contract by which one party conveys land, property, services, etc. to another for a particular time, usually in return for a periodic payment ) is renewable as long as you continue to pay the annual fee. Domain registration is done through accredited domain registrars, which act as intermediaries between you and the organizations that manage domain extensions (like .com, .net, .org).
  2. Domain Extensions: Domains can have different extensions, such as .com, .net, .org, .edu, and many more. The choice of extension depends on the nature and purpose of your website. For example, .com is commonly used for commercial websites, while .edu is reserved for educational institutions.
  3. Domain Privacy Protection: When you register a domain, your contact information becomes publicly available in the WHOIS database. Domain privacy protection (also known as WHOIS privacy or WHOIS masking) is a service offered by registrars that shields your personal information from public view, reducing the risk of spam or privacy intrusion.
  4. Domain Renewal and Transfer: It’s crucial to renew your domain before it expires; otherwise, you risk losing it. You can also transfer your domain to a different registrar if you’re unhappy with your current one. This process involves updating the registrar information and DNS records.

Hosting in Depth

Hosting , in short and simple terms, is a service that allows individuals and organizations to make their websites, applications, or data accessible on the internet. It involves renting space on a server (a powerful computer) and storing your website’s files or data on that server so that people can access it anytime they visit your website or use your online services. Hosting providers manage the technical aspects of server maintenance, ensuring your content is available 24/7 to internet users.

  1. Shared Hosting: Shared hosting is like sharing an apartment building with multiple tenants. Many websites share the same server resources, including CPU, RAM, and storage. While it’s cost-effective, it may lead to slower performance if one site experiences heavy traffic.
  2. VPS Hosting: Virtual Private Server (VPS) hosting offers a dedicated portion of a server’s resources. It’s like having your own condominium in a larger building. VPS hosting provides more control and better performance than shared hosting, making it suitable for medium-sized websites.
  3. Dedicated Hosting: Dedicated hosting is like owning a standalone house. You have the entire server’s resources at your disposal. This option offers the highest level of control, performance, and security but is also the most expensive.
  4. Cloud Hosting: Cloud hosting is a scalable and flexible option. Instead of relying on a single physical server, your website’s data is distributed across a network of interconnected virtual servers. This ensures high availability and can handle sudden traffic spikes.
  5. Server Management: Depending on the type of hosting, server management responsibilities may vary. With shared hosting, the hosting provider typically handles most server management tasks. As you move up to VPS, dedicated, or cloud hosting, you may have more control and responsibility for server maintenance, software updates, and security.
  6. Control Panels: Hosting providers often offer control panels like cPanel or Plesk, which simplify server and website management. These control panels allow you to manage files, databases, email accounts, and more through a user-friendly interface.
  7. Backup and Restore: Regular backups are crucial to protect your website’s data. Many hosting providers offer automatic backup solutions, allowing you to restore your site to a previous state in case of data loss or site issues.

The Symbiotic Relationship in Detail

  1. DNS Records: DNS records are like detailed instructions for your domain. They include A records (pointing to the IP address), CNAME records (aliases for your domain), MX records (for email routing), and more. You can configure these records to specify how your domain behaves.
  2. Propagation: When you make changes to your DNS records, it takes some time for these changes to propagate across the internet. This means that not everyone will see your website at the new location simultaneously. Propagation can take a few hours to up to 48 hours.
  3. Subdomains: Subdomains are like mini-websites within your main website. For example, if your website is www.yourwebsite.com, you can create a subdomain like blog.yourwebsite.com for your blog section. Each subdomain can have its own unique content and functionality.
  4. SSL Certificates: SSL certificates are essential for securing data transmission between your website and its visitors. They encrypt the data exchanged, making it harder for malicious actors to intercept sensitive information. Some hosting providers offer free SSL certificates through services like Let’s Encrypt.

What Actually Hosting & Domain is and their working in short .

Hosting and domain are two essential components for creating and running a website. Here’s a short and simple explanation of what they are and how they work:

  1. Domain:
  • A domain is like the address of your website on the internet. It’s what people type into their web browsers to visit your site.
  • It consists of two parts: the actual name (like “google”) and the domain extension (like “.com” or “.org”).
  • When someone enters your domain in a browser, it sends a request to a domain name system (DNS) server to find the corresponding IP address of your web server.
  1. Hosting:
  • Hosting is where your website’s files and data are stored and made accessible to the internet.
  • Web hosting companies provide servers (powerful computers) that are connected to the internet 24/7.
  • You upload your website’s files (HTML, images, videos, etc.) to your hosting server.
  • When someone visits your domain, their browser connects to your hosting server to retrieve and display your website’s content.

How It Works:

  • You register a domain name through a domain registrar (like GoDaddy or Namecheap).
  • You choose a web hosting provider (like Hostinger ) and sign up for a hosting plan.
  • You configure your domain to point to your hosting server’s IP address using DNS settings provided by your hosting provider.
  • You upload your website’s files to your hosting server using tools like FTP or a website builder provided by the hosting company.
  • When someone types your domain into their browser, the DNS system directs them to your hosting server, which sends your website’s content to their browser for display.

In simple terms, a domain is your web address, and hosting is where your website lives on the internet. When someone wants to visit your site, their browser uses the domain to find and display the content stored on your hosting server.


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Conclusion :

In conclusion, domains and hosting are inseparable components that work together to bring your website to life. Domains provide the human-readable address, while hosting offers the digital infrastructure and space for your website’s files and data.

When choosing domain and hosting services, consider your website’s specific needs, scalability requirements, and security concerns. A well-chosen combination of domain and hosting services will play a vital role in the success and performance of your online presence. Understanding these concepts in detail empowers you to make informed decisions and manage your website effectively in the dynamic world of the internet.

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